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Climate change is happening, and is projected to continue, posing serious challenges for cities:
rises in average temperatures, in precipitation irregularities (more intense rainfall, or drought) and in sea levels. These changes are expected to result in more frequent and intense heatwaves, droughts, fires and floods across Europe.
Read more: Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe
A map book
- exposure indicators: these provide information about the level of exposure to climate impacts;
- sensitivity indicators: these provide information about the susceptibility of cities to such impacts, via population composition, spatial planning or physical conditions;
- response capacity indicators: these provide information about characteristics that help to reduce or overcome the impacts.
Options to use the maps …
… while recognising their limitations
- Uncertainties: the future is uncertain. Climate change projections are based on various scenarios that describe not one but a range of possible futures, based on the best available current knowledge. There is no way of knowing for sure what might transpire or which action to take in order to boost resilience.
- Limited data availability: the best available Europe-wide data for cities is used in this map book, but coverage in several indicators is still limited. Specific data collection at local level might yield better outcomes in some instances.
Also, in many cases, data are not yet available for projections on future climate change and demographics, land use and economic change. The assessment is therefore based on current vulnerabilities.
- Limited number of indicators: due to a lack of Europe-wide data, only a few indicators can be shown in the map book. These indicators are considered to be key for a good understanding of city vulnerability, but additional indicators are needed to describe the vulnerability in full.
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Source: Science for Environment Policy
Public participation in developing coastal management plans can have numerous benefits, such as augmenting expert information with local knowledge and building trust, a new study has confirmed; however, challenges remain, say the researchers. They use the experiences of 10 case studies to make a series of recommendations regarding how to improve the efficiency of the process.
Public participation has a valuable role to play in the development of sustainability policies; it can enhance the democratic nature of the process, encourage knowledge exchange, foster trust and help reach a consensus. It is considered to be particularly important when managing coastal environments, as this complex task involves many different stakeholders all using the areas in different ways. However, public participation can also create challenges; it can be expensive, labour-intensive, confrontational, and can cause delays to the development and implementation of policies.
To date, there has been little research into ways of improving the process or methods to avoid pitfalls. For this study, researchers examined how to improve the efficacy of public participation in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. In particular, they examine the results of an EU project, PEGASO1, using 10 case studies, chosen to represent different spatial scales, issues, expertise and experiences. Seven of these were in the Mediterranean (in Morocco, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Egypt and Lebanon) and three in Black Sea (in Romania, Ukraine, Georgia). Each case study group was able to develop its own methods for public participation, after a training course offered by the project.
After exploring the experiences of the 10 case studies, the researchers found that public participation had many positive impacts. It raised awareness regarding the importance of coastal management and ensured that knowledge was shared as well as partly bridging the gaps between the public, scientists, coastal managers and decision makers. However, there were areas that could be improved, and these can be summarised into five main recommendations:
1) It is very important that relevant data are available and easily interpreted. To make informed decisions the participants need to have access to a range of information concerning different issues and perspectives.
2) Although information from stakeholders is very valuable, helping to bridge gaps between expert and local knowledge, collating and combining these different types of data and information in the case studies proved very difficult and time consuming. Putting a procedure in place to deal with this challenge from the beginning of the process is important.
3) It is essential that there is co-ordination and flexibility between the many actors involved in coastal management. Government agencies, NGOs, businesses, research institutes and others all need to work together. Public participation can only work if it has a co-ordinated structure to build on.
4) It is important to encourage local stakeholders to take the lead in the participation process, to ensure that it can continue after the funded project has come to an end. Coastal management is a long-term process and public participation should continue to provide input.
5) There is often a mis-match between large-scale pressures on coastal environments and the local-scale governance used to manage them. This is also an important issue for the participation process, and should be taken into account when identifying which stakeholders to include.
Massive UNFCC supported citizen consultation results on climate action to be presented at Bonn UNFCCC talks June 11, 2015Posted by euccmed in Research&Projects.
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Thousands of people from about 80 countries on Saturday (June 6) participated in a multisite consultation on climate and energy actions, involving more than 10000 citizens.
The “World Wide Views” initiative (launched by the UNFCCC Secretariat and implemented by World Wide Views Alliance, with the support of the Danish Board of Technology Foundation, Missions Publiques and the French National Commission for Public Debate) aims at bringing the views of citizens on climate and energy issues to the attention of governments, public officials, UN institutions, local authorities, stakeholders and companies. The questions address a wide range of topics, organized under five thematic sessions: importance of tackling climate change, tools to tackle climate change, UN negotiations and national commitments, fairness and distribution of efforts, making and keeping climate promises.
Tags: biodiversity, Economy, Ecosystems
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Source: MIO ECSDE
The Mediterranean region currently uses approximately 2.5 times more natural resources and ecological services than its ecosystems can provide. Consequently, the region depends heavily on imports and is vulnerable to volatility in the international price levels of natural resources such as agricultural commodities, minerals and fossil fuels.
These are among the findings of a new article published April 25 in the journal Environmental Science & Policy (Elsevier). The paper was co-authored by three researchers from the international think tank Global Footprint Network (MIO-ECSDE’s Member) and titled “Physical limits to resource access and utilization and their economic implications in Mediterranean economies.” The article is available for free download at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901115000696.
The authors find that a 10% increase in the price of natural resources would result in a worsening of countries’ trade balances equivalent to as much as 2.4% of the GDP, as in the case of Jordan. Italy, France and Greece, moreover, would see their resource import bills increase by approximately US$ 9.2 billion (equivalent to 0.5% of its GDP), US$ 8.4 billion (0.3% of its GDP) and US$ 1 billion (0.4% of its GDP), respectively . Only two countries would see an improvement in their trade balance – Algeria and Libya – due to more revenues from oil exports.
In the last 50 years the Mediterranean region’s population doubled and its per-person consumption levels increased 54 percent since 1961, according to the article. Half of the region’s natural resources are imported, mainly from the USA, China, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Growth in population and consumption levels worldwide has led to more competition for resources at a time when the economies of many Mediterranean countries have suffered from economic downturns. The result, conclude the authors, is that the Mediterranean countries have less financial means to buy resources from outside their borders.
“Overall, it appears that the changing global context of resource availability is making the long-held pattern of resource consumption in the Mediterranean untenable“ the authors conclude.
Naomi Klein: This Changes Everything – video May 18, 2015Posted by euccmed in Research&Projects.
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Source: The Guardian
Naomi Klein didn’t think climate change was her issue but when she realised the close link between environmental destruction and inequality, everything changed. In Naomi’s home country, the Canadian government granted virtual free rein to companies seeking oil in Alberta’s tar sands, creating a boom town in Fort McMurray. Like large numbers of activists across the world, the indigenous population in Alberta protested the environmental damage. How can we connect the dots among movements around the world to tackle climate change and inequality at the same time?
This is an edited excerpt from a work-in-progress. The feature length documentary This Changes Everything, directed by Avi Lewis, will be completed and launched later this year
CleanSea consortium meets in Amsterdam to share preliminary results and prepare roadmap for clean seas February 3, 2015Posted by euccmed in EUCC News, Events&Training, Research&Projects.
Tags: litter, MSFD
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The CleanSea Project team met at IVM-VU University Amsterdam on 28 and 29 January 2015, marking the end of the second project year. Preliminary results were presented and discussed among project partners, who left the meeting prepared for the work to be done in the final year of the project (project runs January 2013 to December 2015). The meeting gave attention to a special outcome of the project: a “Roadmap” to a future litter-free sea, a document (in preparation) that will integrate project results across natural and social science research and provide guidance to policy makers and others tackling marine litter across European seas.
Several staff of the EUCC Mediterranean Centre attended the meeting as communication leaders and Mediterranean regional partner conducting research on socioeconomics and governance.
Researchers discussed aspects such as the biological effects of microplastics at the level of organisms, populations and ecosystems. These particles are caused by fragmentation, a topic also being studied in an indoor ‘plastic soup’ test system within the project. A newly designed microlitter sampler has been tested and fine-tuned and promises to be a valuable tool for future research and monitoring of the water column. Hyperspectral imaging, Raman spectrometry and mass spectrometry techniques are three approaches to identify plastics in environmental samples that are being applied in the project. Field sampling is continuing to produce micro- and macrolitter data in the European marine environment, some of which is also being used as input for the modeling exercises within the project.
Economic costs of marine litter in the fisheries sector, ports and on recreational beaches are being studied, as well as beach users’ perceptions in the three regional seas (North, Black and Mediterranean). The progress towards analysis of best practices and short-and long-term policy options to reduce marine litter in Europe was presented. These analyses encompass not only regulatory and market-based instruments but also more bottom-up approaches (e.g. co-management, communicative) to identify points of intervention in different areas of the manufactured product system that could be used to reduce marine litter. The project will address innovations and policy integration as part of the mix that can help Europe reach Good Environmental Status (GES).
The Black Sea Commission was represented at this meeting by BSC Officer Ms. Irina Makarenko, who provided advice and input from the perspective of this important Regional Sea Commission.
CleanSea is entering a crucial stage of validating and integrating the wealth of knowledge and data coming out of the project, which can be transferred to a variety of stakeholders. As a final project dissemination event, the CleanSea Symposium and Documentary Film Presentation will be held on the 3rd of December 2015 at the EYE Film Institute, a spectacular venue in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. This event is open to all interested stakeholders and the public. Save the date!
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Through this survey, we would like your feedback and comments on Med-IAMER preliminary results in the Adriatic-Ionian Basin, presented via factsheets, in order to improve the knowledge on the:
• major drivers and pressures identified in the Adriatic-Ionian region;
• data/indicators needs and gaps;
• most relevant policies and governance arrangements in influencing the level of pressure on resources.
Tags: biodiversity, fisheries
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El “Proyecto Pescares” es una iniciativa colectiva, desarrollada por Océano Alfa, para promover y difundir la labor de las Reservas Marinas Pesqueras, el conocimiento de la pesca artesanal como fundamento de su creación y fomentar la práctica del buceo seguro y responsable.
El proyecto está cofinanciado por la Fundación Biodiversidad del Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (MAGRAMA) y Fondo Europeo de Pesca (FEP), y cuenta con el apoyo de la Secretaría General de Pesca. El objetivo global de este proyecto es promover y fomentar la protección y conservación de los recursos pesqueros y naturales de dos reservas marinas: Cabo de Gata-Nijar y Cabo de Palos-Islas Hormigas.
ADRIPLAN (ADRiatic Ionian maritime spatial PLANning) REGIONAL WORKSHOP FOR FOCUS AREA 2 June 10, 2014Posted by euccmed in Events&Training, Research&Projects.
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Corfu, Greece 27th of June 2014
Following the save-the-date we sent last week, we have the pleasure to send you further details about the ADRIPLAN regional Workshop on Focus Area 2 that will be held in Corfu on 27th of June 2014.
The ADRIPLAN project aims at delivering a commonly-agreed approach to cross-border Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the Adriatic-Ionian Macro-region, considered as a whole and more specifically through two Focus Areas (Focus Area 1: Northern Adriatic Sea and Focus Area 2: Southern Adriatic / Northern Ionian Sea).
The workshop, organized in cooperation with Ionian Islands Region and Apulia Region, is aimed at presenting the ADRIPLAN Initial Assessment results, discuss needs and priorities of the MSP emerged from the report, involve the stakeholders in the process providing information and obtaining feedbacks and define cross-border conflicts and synergies at Focus Area level.
Please find attached the Agenda of the Workshop, and the practical information on how to reach the venue and the list of hotels.
You will find all the information concerning the workshop including the background documents and the registration in the ADRIPLAN website: http://adriplan.eu/
In order to better understand the perception of stakeholders about priorities and needs we have issued a questionnaire and we would appreciate if you can dedicated few minutes of your time contributing to this survey, available at the following address:
The results of the survey will be discussed during the workshop in Corfu.
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La Asociación Vertidos Cero, con el apoyo de la Fundación Biodiversidad del Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (MAGRAMA) y KAI Marine Services, ha desarrollado en 2013 un protocolo para la caracterización y gestión de las basuras marinas en playas mediante el muestreo en puntos concretos de las costas españolas.
En la segunda fase del proyecto MARNOBA se ofrece al usuario la posibilidad de utilizar el protocolo a través de una aplicación móvil creada para Android y iOS. Los datos obtenidos a partir del formulario de objetos recogidos, caracterizados por categorías, se muestran en la sección RESULTADOS de esta página web.
El objetivo del proyecto es recopilar datos cuantitativos referentes a las basuras marinas, para poder evaluar propuestas orientadas a evitar la generación de las mismas y su llegada al mar.