The water situation in the Mediterranean Sea could become worrying because the resource is becoming more and more rare, according to a study published by the Euro-Mediterranean Information System on Know-how in the Water Sector (EMWIS).
The study noted that 490 million people live around the Mediterranean Sea basin – in five African, six Asian and 11 European countries. “In terms of supplies to the populations, water resources indicate an unequal distribution: they are supplied in abundance to Albania and in the former-Yugoslav countries (more than 10 000 m³ / year per capita) but much less to the Palestinian Territories -Gaza and to Malta (less than 100 m³ / year per capita).”
As a result “due to forecast differences in demographic change, the gaps between per capita water resources are only going to increase (…) Three quarters of jobs in the world depend on water. In fact, water shortages and problems of access to water may limit economic growth in the coming years,” the study notes.
EMWIS is an initiative of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. It provides a strategic tool for exchanging information and knowledge in the water sector between and within the Euro Mediterranean partnership countries. All the member countries in the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) are involved.