THE FIRST ISSUE OF THE OCEAN STATE REPORT IS NOW AVAILABLE!

 

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Written by 80 European scientific experts from more than 25 institutions, this first Copernicus Marine Service Ocean State Report is a step forward into the development of regular annual reporting on the state and health of the Global Ocean and European Seas based on CMEMS capabilities.

 

The Copernicus Marine Service Ocean State Report provides an annual report of the state of the global ocean and European regional seas for ocean community, policy and decision-makers with the additional aim of increasing general public awareness about the status of, and changes in, the marine environment.

The Ocean State Report draws on expert analysis and provides a 4-D view(through reanalysis systems), from above (through remote sensing data) and directly from the interior (through in situ measurements) of the blue (hydrography, currents), white (sea ice) and green (e.g. Chlorophyll) global ocean and the European Seas.

This first issue delivers guidance on the physical ocean state and change over the period 1993–2015. Scientific integrity is assured through the process of independent peer review in collaboration with the Journal of Operational Oceanography.

Download the Ocean State Report 2016 here.

The Mediterranean Basin: together for nature

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After five years of conservation in the Mediterranean, CEPF’s latest publication “Together”shows how the region’s diverse cultures are committed to protecting its nature. Discover incredible species, motivating stories, complex threats, conservation successes and innovative ideas, as we share local solutions for nature conservation.

Imagine bee-eaters, cave salamanders, geckos, macaques, dragonflies, and pelicans for a flavour of the faunal diversity the Mediterranean Basin harbours – many found only in the region. Covering more than two million square kilometres, this biodiversity hotspot is also ranked as the third-richest in the world in terms of its plant diversity. Yet rapid economic development, an increasing human population, and 32% of the world’s international tourists are creating unprecedented pressures on its freshwater, marine and terrestrial habitats – compounded by lack of effective planning and management systems.

Read more

Morocco Launching Adaptation of African Agriculture at COP 22 For Small Farmers Affected by Climate Change and Drought

white-book-enLike most African countries, Morocco – where 40% of the population still works the land – is already feeling the impacts of climate change on its agricultural production. Last year, during the exceptional season Ibrahimi describes – caused in large part by the regular El Niño weather pattern – Morocco went without rain for more than two months. Overall it received 42.7% less rain during its main planting season than in an average year. The impact on the harvest was catastrophic, particularly on the “zone bour” (dry zone) areas where crops such as wheat, barley and maize are planted. Ministry of Agriculture estimates predicted total output falling 70% on the 2015 season.
“Starting from the early 1990s, we’ve seen on average 15% to 20% less rain annually than previously,” says Mohamed Ait Kadi, president of Morocco’s General Council of Agricultural Development. “The rain now comes in showers instead of sustained downpours, and we see arid areas spreading.” As the host country for the COP22 climate change talks, which open in Marrakechon Monday, Morocco is determined to make this meeting the “African COP”.
Explaining its own experience and acting as an advocate for other African countries, Morocco wants to put the impacts of erratic weather patterns on agriculture at the heart of the discussions. No-one is underestimating the challenges. Water stress, land degradation, rising temperatures and deforestation are all playing a role. Areas such as the Sahel – including Chad, Niger and Mali – have experienced recurring droughts every few years since the 1980s, devastating harvests, economies and traditional farming ecosystems. In 2010 at least 7 million people across the Sahel were threatened with severe hunger and needed emergency food aid from humanitarian organisations.
According to the journal Nature, the viability of all crops in the Sahel belt will become questionable, with maize being the worst affected. By 2090 some 60% of land available for bean production will become unsuitable. Southern and eastern Africa have all suffered catastrophic droughts over the last few years.
Morocco is using the COP22 conference to formally launch its “Adaptation of African Agriculture” (AAA) initiative. As food security becomes increasingly challenged by erratic weather patterns, the initiative proposes measures such as improved soil management, water and irrigation management and better weather forecasting and insurance programmes for farmers affected by drought.
Although the initiative has received some criticism as some of its focus appears to replicate the work already being done by other pan-African agriculture programmes, Morocco believes its main contribution can be to persuade world leaders to sign up to a concrete plan of how to divide up the $100bn (£81bn) promised to support adaptation and mitigation projects in developing countries.
“We have to translate the big ideas written in western offices about responses to climate change into something that actually changes the lives of small farmers,” said Morocco’s minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, Aziz Akannouch, at a recent conference launching the AAA. It’s about pragmatic responses – things like irrigation projects, developing oases, improving access to fertilisers and credit.
Further information:
Website of  Adaptation of African Agriculture”   http://www.aaainitiative.org/initiative

GUIA DE ESPECIES PROTEGIDAS EN LAS ISLAS BALEARES

La Consellería de Medio Ambiente, Agricultura y Pesca del Gobierno Balear ha publicado recientemente una guía para reconocer las especies de peces protegidas y reducir las interacciones con la pesca profesional en las Islas Baleares donde, a través de 17 fichas, se describen las especies, la norma que las protege, su biología y las modalidades de pesca que presentan riesgo de captura. Esta publicación responde a la necesidad de dar a conocer a los pescadores profesionales las principales especies protegidas y cuya captura está sancionada según la normativa vigente, para evitar en lo posible su captura y retención a bordo y las importantes multas que ello acarrearía.

La guía, editada en línea, también ha sido distribuida entre todas las Cofradías de Pescadores de Baleares, Servicios de vigilancia de reservas marinas, y otras entidades relacionadas con el medio marino y ya está dando resultados, puesto que se han recibido avisos de capturas accidentales georreferenciadas de alguna de las especies contenidas en el libro.

Actualmente ya va por la 3 edición, con mas de 600 ejemplares además de los que se hayan podido descargar directamente de la página web de la Dirección General de Pesca y Medio Marino que se ha comprometido a mantenerla actualizada con la información que reciba, todo ello con el objetivo de mejorar el conocimiento del sector pesquero sobre estas especies singulares y favorecer en lo posible su recuperación.

La guía se puede descargar, tanto en catalán como castellano, pinchando en la imagen:

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ATLAS DE LAS PRADERAS MARINAS DE ESPAÑA

La primera obra de ámbito nacional sobre la distribución y el estado ecológico de los bosques sumergidos de nuestras costas ya está disponible en formato digital.

Esta publicación fruto del proyecto del Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Instituto de Ecología Litoral e IUCN, contribuyendo a su financiación la Fundación Biodiversidad, junto con la colaboración de 84 expertos procedentes de todas las comunidades autónomas costeras tiene especial relevancia al recoger la cartografía actualizada de las praderas marinas, emblemas de la biodiversidad marina. El Dr. Cornelis den Hartog, profesor retirado de la Universidad de Radboud de Holanda, destacó en el acto de presentación el “carisma” de Posidonia oceanica, planta marina endémica del Mediterráneo, considerada el ser vivo más longevo que se conoce y cuyos “bosques”, término más apropiado si nos centramos en su papel ecológico son, por lo tanto, los de mayor antigüedad conocida. La pradera de Posidonia oceanica que cubre unos 700 km2 desde la zona de Es Freus (Formentera) hasta la playa de Ses Salines (Ibiza) está declarada Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO por ser una de las mejor conservadas.

Singularidad e importancia ecológica y pesquera se dan la mano en las praderas marinas que debemos conocer, y de ahí la importancia del Atlas, y proteger. Esta obra, de gran belleza, constituye una herramienta imprescindible para científicos, técnicos, administraciones gestoras y ONGs que se dedican a la conservación de nuestro patrimonio natural.

Para descargar el Atlas pinchar en la imagen

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Marine litter news in the framework of Barcelona Convention

The 19th Contracting Parties meeting of the Barcelona Convention, held last February in Athens, aproved the Decision IG.22/10 on marine litter. Implementing the Marine Litter Regional Plan in the Mediterranean (Fishing for Litter Guidelines, Assessment Report, Baselines Values, and Reduction Targets). a1_Decision IG.22-10 Marine Litter.

Furthermore, the Updated Report on Marine Litter Assessment in the Mediterranean a2_Updated Report on Marine Litter Assessment EN was aproved as well.

HT LIVRE – LANGUEDOC ROUSSILON : Guide de la flore du littoral sableux méditerranéen – Benoît LARROQUE et Jean FAVENNEC Guide de la flore du littoral sableux méditerranéen – Benoît LARROQUE et Jean FAVENNEC

Source: Hérault Tribune

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Un guide d’identification de plus de 300 espèces du bord de mer, de la Camargue au Roussillon. Une équipe de 40 personnes, rédacteurs et photographes, de l’ONF, du Conservatoire botanique méditerranéen, du Parc naturel de Camargue, de l’EID… a réuni dans ce guide la plupart des plantes du littoral. – 20 000 ex. vendus (toutes éditions confondues) du Guide de la flore des dunes littorales de la Bretagne au sud des Landes.
– Aucun livre équivalent sur le marché. – 330 espèces classées par couleur de la fleur (bandeau coloré sur le côté, aisément repérable). – Introduction sur les différents types de milieux. 400 photos. Clés de détermination simplifiées. Carte. Liste des espèces protégées. Index des espèces. Glossaire. – Utilisable par tous, quel que soit le niveau de connaissances en sciences naturelles. A pour vocation d’aider à la découverte du milieu naturel, mais aussi la gestion et la conservation du littoral méditerranéen.
– Concerne tous les points de vente du littoral, notamment ceux des stations balnéaires. Après les “années béton”, il existe un regain d’intérêt de la part des communes du littoral et des touristes pour le milieu naturel. Les rares pointements rocheux de ce littoral (Sète, Cap d’Agde et Cap Leucate) ont été exclus car leur constitution (géologique, floristique,…) est très différente.

Auteurs :

Pilotée par l’Office national des forêts, la rédaction de ce guide a associé des référents de l’EID-Méditerranée, du Parc naturel régional de Camargue ainsi que de nombreux techniciens et bénévoles.

Benoît LARROQUE et Jean FAVENNEC ont coordonné la réalisation de ce livre : Benoît LARROQUE est ingénieur à l’ONF, basé à Montpellier. Jean FAVENNEC est membre de l’EUCC-France et a longtemps été responsable de la Mission littoral nationale de l’ONF.

Editeur: Editions Sudouest

Nbres de pages : 28 0 pages

Prix: 19,50 euros